At the International Association of Chiefs of Police’s (IACP) convention yesterday (October 17), President Terrence M. Cunningham offered an apology for what he called “the actions of the past and the role that our profession has played in society’s historical mistreatment of communities of color.”

The Washington Post reports that Cunningham, who also serves as the chief of police in Wellesley, Mass., issued the statement on behalf of the 23,000 local police chiefs who are members of his organization.

While some credited Cunningham for addressing the role structural racism has played in policing, they also noted that he spoke of racialized police violence as a past offense, framing the current rift between officers and communities of color as residual “mistrust” and seemingly discounting his colleagues’ role in the disproportionate death and incarceration of people of color in America:

For our part, the first step in this process is for law enforcement and the IACP to acknowledge and apologize for the actions of the past and the role that our profession has played in society’s historical mistreatment of communities of color.

At the same time, those who denounce the police must also acknowledge that today’s officers are not to blame for the injustices of the past. If either side in this debate fails to acknowledge these fundamental truths, we will be unlikely to move past them.

“Acknowledging that Black people have experienced oppression in the past is not enough,” Black Lives Matter co-founder Alicia Garza told ThinkProgress. “Acknowledging the role that police and policing plays in the oppression of Black people today is an important step. I’d prefer to have an honest conversation than one that just feels good,” she continued. “If the last three years has shown us anything, it’s that these deplorable actions are still happening today. Black people are dying at the hands of police at the rate of one every 28 hours.”

The national Fraternal Order of Police also took issue with the speech. “Words and apologies do not adequately address the current issues facing law enforcement and the communities that we serve,” said the organization’s president, Chuck Canterbury. “Seeking workable solutions to issues that affect us all so directly is a much more worthy endeavor, one which will do far more to foster goodwill and understanding between law enforcement and the community at large. Proactive steps that address the real concerns—urban decay, jobs, education, housing and the like—would benefit all Americans and we look forward to a dialogue of action—not just words—at this critical time in our history.”

Watch the video above, or read Cunningham’s full statement below:

I would like to take a moment to address a significant and fundamental issue confronting our profession, particularly within the United States. Clearly, this is a challenging time for policing. Events over the past several years have caused many to question the actions of our officers and has tragically undermined the trust that the public must and should have in their police departments. At times such as this, it is our role as leaders to assess the situation and take the steps necessary to move forward.

This morning, I would like to address one issue that I believe will help both our profession and our communities. The history of the law enforcement profession is replete with examples of bravery, self-sacrifice and service to the community. At its core, policing is a noble profession made up of women and men who have sworn to place themselves between the innocent and those who seek to do them harm.

Over the years, thousands of police officers have laid down their lives for their fellow citizens while hundreds of thousands more have been injured while protecting their communities. The nation owes all of those officers, as well as those who are still on patrol today, an enormous debt of gratitude.

At the same time, it is also clear that the history of policing has also had darker periods.

There have been times when law enforcement officers, because of the laws enacted by federal, state and local governments, have been the face of oppression for far too many of our fellow citizens. In the past, the laws adopted by our society have required police officers to perform many unpalatable tasks, such as ensuring legalized discrimination or even denying the basic rights of citizenship to many of our fellow Americans.

While this is no longer the case, this dark side of our shared history has created a multigenerational—almost inherited—mistrust between many communities of color and their law enforcement agencies.

Many officers who do not share this common heritage often struggle to comprehend the reasons behind this historic mistrust. As a result, they are often unable to bridge this gap and connect with some segments of their communities.

While we obviously cannot change the past, it is clear that we must change the future. We must move forward together to build a shared understanding. We must forge a path that allows us to move beyond our history and identify common solutions to better protect our communities.

For our part, the first step in this process is for law enforcement and the IACP to acknowledge and apologize for the actions of the past and the role that our profession has played in society’s historical mistreatment of communities of color.

At the same time, those who denounce the police must also acknowledge that today’s officers are not to blame for the injustices of the past. If either side in this debate fails to acknowledge these fundamental truths, we will be unlikely to move past them.

Overcoming this historic mistrust requires that we must move forward together in an atmosphere of mutual respect. All members of our society must realize that we have a mutual obligation to work together to ensure fairness, dignity, security, and justice.

It is my hope that, by working together, we can break this historic cycle of mistrust and build a better and safer future for us all.